Child Lung Health Section

The millennium development goals are aimed at the reduction of childhood mortality by two thirds between 1990 and 2015 but since the 1990’s momentum has been lost. By the year 2000, the gap in childhood mortality between industrialized and sub-Saharan countries had increase from 20 fold to 29 fold with the childhood mortality rates in sub-Saharan Africa being 175/1000 children compared to 6/1000 in industrialized countries i.e. The mortality reduction targets were met in only 5 of 55 countries who had an under 5 year mortality rate of 100 or more in 1990. .

The Goal :

A feasible, cost-effective and sustainable model for delivering services for treatment and prevention of child lung disease.

The Objectives:

By the end of the 8 years:

1. To increase the Case Finding (CF) of childhood TB by 40%.

2. To reduce the mortality from pneumonia among children under five, childhood asthma, childhood TB and childhood TB/HIV by 30%.

3. To reduce the morbidity from pneumonia among children under five, childhood asthma, childhood TB and childhood TB/HIV by 30%.

4. To reduce the inappropriate use of medications for the treatment of ARI, Asthma and TB in Children and irrational use of antibiotic by communication of knowledge to mothers and doctors.

5. To improve health workers’ practice through training and follow up.

6. To disseminate lessons and best practices (improving partnerships with stakeholders).

7. To establish/ strengthen monitoring and evaluation (M&E) and surveillance system for asthma and TB/HIV in children.